Turkey is a country lying on two continents: 97% of the country is in Asia (Anatolia)
and 3% in Europe (the Balkans) and it's some of the ideal places to book your vacation, with a various offer of mountain and beach resorts.
Turkey has borders with eight countries: Greece and Bulgaria to the northwest, Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan to the northeast, Iran (Persia) to the east, and Iraq
and Syria to the south.
Turkey's climate is temperate - maritime on Black Sea coast and subtropical on the Mediterranean Coast. In January, average temperatures are 5 ° C in the north to Samsun, -4 ° C in the Anatolian plateau at Kayseri and 11 ° C in the south to Antalya. Rainfall is low in the south and center (about 400 mm / year) and rich in the north-west on the Black Sea Coast (1600 mm / year).
Turkey tourist attractions:
The old citadel Erzurum is located in the city with the same name, in the top of the downtown hill. If you go in the clock tower - Saat Kulesi you have a comprehensive view of the city and surrounding mountains. Under the citadel you can see sections of basalt walls surrounding the citadel.
Temple of Artemis at Ephesus (Ephesus)
It is located in the ancient city of Ephesus near the modern town Selçuk, 50 km south of Izmir, Turkey.
Greek temple dedicated to the goddess Artemis. Due to its architectural style it was positioned among the 7 Wonders of Ancient, It was considered a house of the soul, comparing with the Egyptian temple representing the god's house, or with the cathedral - that currently is considered people home.
Green Mosque - Yesil Camii:
It is situated on a terrace above the town Bursa. Yesil Camii or Mosque Green was named after the color tiles inside, green and blue. The building is made entirely of stone and marble.
The ruins of a castle dating from 782, located at the southern end of the Cilician plain on a hill. The castle is visible from a very long distance on the highway between Adana and Ceyhan.
Ölüdeniz lagoon and beach:
The Ölüdeniz (Dead Sea)beach, located in the Belcegiz,Gulf, 15 km far from Fethiye, is certainly one of the most beautiful places where you can take a dip. Sandy beaches and green hills create a wonderful environment.
Partially built during the reign of Byzantine emperor Justinian I, in the sixth century, it is the only bridge in the world that has survived being still in operation.
Yedigoller Milli Park
Seven Lakes National Park covers an area of 2.019ha at 45km northeast of Bolu, in the Bolu Daglari forest. The lakes, of which three dry during the summer, divide into two groups on two levels. All lakes were formed naturally by sliding of eroded land. The tourist can reach this area surrounded by forests, from the forest road Mengen to Bolu.
Topkapi Palace - Topkapi Saray:
Topkapi Saray or Topkapi Palace was the residence of the sultans and the administrative seat of the Ottoman Empire, while about 400 years, It was the source of legends about harem life.
Navy Museum - Dolmabahce Palace:
Dolmabahçe Palace is the first imperial field built in an European style, compared to other previous palaces, built in Ottoman style.
The old bazaar Kazancilar Carsisi,:
It is organized around the Great Clock, where is too, a Turkish bath, built in 1519.
Derinkuyu Underground City:
Derinkuyu underground city - Sehr Yeralti Derinkuyu - is the largest city of its kind in Cappadocia. Eight levels from the total are opened to the public. The deepest level reaches the depth of 54 m.
Çifte Medresa Minareli:
It is a typical example of selgiuc Qur'anic school. School patron was the Mongol princess Hüdavend Sultan Hatun. Built of dark volcanic tuff, now it houses a museum.
Göreme Open Air Museum:
Consist in a collection of Byzantine churches and monasteries, situated about 1 km far from the village of Göreme – Koroma. They were carved into the rock in Byzantine times. Frescoes in the churches were damaged in large proportion, because until 1964 chapels were nor secured.
Most of the churches of Göreme open air museum date from the ninth century or later. The oldest church of the complex was built in the first century. Inside you can see two techniques for painting - the first is more primitive, directly on stone, and the second is more advanced, painting being made on a plaster.
Turkish and Islamic Art Museum:
It is situated in the Green Mosque Complex, in the old medresa (Muslim institute of higher education) built in 1419 by Sultan Muhammad. Exhibits include worship objects, weapons, pottery from Iznik and Kütahya, embroidery, ornaments, textiles, articles of dervish monasteries, calligraphic writings, tombstones, and an unusual collection of turbans.
Museum of Archaeology:
Museum of Archaeology is placed in a building with three floors, inside the court of Topkapi Palace and includes the Museum of the Ancient East and Çinili Koski.
In the Istanbul Museum of Archaeology you can admire more than 1 million artifacts, the most important being the sarcophagi of the fourth century BC.
Fethiye Archaeology Museum:
It contains older or more recent artifacts, proofs of various civilizations that existed in the area, from Lycia.
The museum is housed in City Hall - Belediye.
Many mosques can be visited:
- Suleiman the Magnificent Mosque
- Mosque Prince - Sehzade:
- Bayezid Mosque - Beyazit Mosque: the oldest imperial mosques in Istanbul.
- Blue Mosque - Sultan Ahmed Mosque built by Sultan Ahmed I, between 1609 and 1617.
Or Yakutiye Medresesi is placed just a short distance of Lala Mustafa Pasa Mosque. This charming Qur'anic school was built in 1308 by Mongol prince Uljaitu. The main entrance is decorated in relief.
Mausoleum of Halicarnassus:
It is located in the city Bodrum on the Aegean Sea, in the south-western Turkey.
The marble mausoleum has a rectangular shape and is composed of a podium and of tomb and sarcophagus room. The pyramidal roof is based on Ionic columns. On top of the building there is a triumphant chariot pulled by four horses. Total height of the structure is 45 meters.
Uludag Mountain - 2543 m altitude - is located 17km south of Bursa and is the most popular and best equipped winter sports area in Turkey, and a great relaxation area. Massif consists largely of granite and sandstone. The area has kept a very diverse flora and fauna. There is a cable car from Bursa to the northeast plateau.
Grand Bazaar - Kapalua Çarsisi:
It is called too Covered bazaar and contains more than 4000 shops, 24 inns, 65 streets, 22 gates, 2 covered markets, restaurants, mosques, fountains and teahouses all on an area of 31 hectares.
Grand Mosque - Ulu Camii:
It is located in Bursa downtown and it is the first Ottoman mosque with multiple domes. The 20 domes are supported by 12 pillars and can be seen better from the inside. The mosque has been built in 1379, but it required more renovations and repairs, especially after the earthquake of 1855.
Ancient city of Xanthos:
60 km southeast of Fethiye, an old road leading to the ruins of Xanthos ancient city, discovered in the nineteenth century by Sir Charles Fellow. Former capital of Lycia, the city is in the river Xanthos valley (today Kinik).
Church of St. Sophia - Hagia Sophia:
It represents the triumph of Christianity, and a symbol of Byzantium.
Panorama from Galata Tower:
The balcony at the top of Galata Tower - 62 m above sea level - offers panoramic views on Istanbul.